In a series of dental articles, the Saskatoon dental team at Neesh Dental share interesting dental information and education. In our latest post, we share how smoking is related to gum disease
How Smoking Is Related to Gum Disease.
Smoking weakens your body’s infection fighters (your immune system). This makes it harder to fight off a gum infection. Once you have gum damage, smoking also makes it harder for your gums to heal
What does this mean for me if I am a smoker?
- You have twice the risk for gum disease compared with a nonsmoker.
- The more cigarettes you smoke, the greater your risk for gum disease.
- The longer you smoke, the greater your risk for gum disease.
- Treatments for gum disease may not work as well for people who smoke.
Simply put, tobacco use in any form—cigarettes, pipes, and smokeless (spit) tobacco—raises your risk for gum disease.
Tobacco smoking, mostly in the form of cigarette smoking, is recognized as the most important environmental risk factor in periodontitis.Periodontal diseases are a dynamic phenomenon with cyclical patterns of progression and resolution at any given site. Smoking is thought to impair the immune response and compromises the periodontal tissue’s ability to heal, following a period of disease activity
It has been well demonstrated that there is a close-response relationship for tobacco use and the risk of the development of oral cancer. The population impact of smoking on periodontitis also varies according to the frequency of exposure to tobacco smoking in populations. Gingival bleeding has been consistently reported to occur less in smokers due to nicotine-induced vasoconstriction in smoker’s gingiva as well as heavy gingival keratinization. Pocket depth measurements are found to be greater in smokers due to increased alveolar bone loss.Tobacco smoking probably plays a significant role in the development of refractory periodontitis. Periodontal breakdown has been shown to be more severe among current smokers compared to former smokers. Those who have never smoked have been observed to have the lowest risk. In addition, smoking has a strong negative impact on regenerative therapy, including osseous grafting, guided tissue regeneration, or a combination of this treatment.
At Neesh Dental in Saskatoon, a beautiful, healthy smile that lasts a lifetime is our ultimate goal when treating patients. Your personal home care plays an important role in achieving that goal. Our team of Saskatoon dentists and support staff try to always share interesting articles, dental facts and dental hygiene tips so you can take good care of your teeth. Contact us today to book a Saskatoon dental appointment.