Are you experience pain when you are enjoying hot or cold foods, or while brushing and flossing? You may be suffering from tooth hypersensitivity. Tooth hypersensitivity is one of the most common complaints we hear from our Saskatoon dental patients.
Causes of Tooth Hypersensitivity
In healthy teeth, enamel protects the crowns if the teeth (parts above the gum line) and cementum protects the tooth root (parts below the gum line). Unlike enamel and cementum, dentin is a porous material which allows food and drinks to reach the nerves inside the tooth; this interaction is what causes tooth pain when they are exposed to heat, cold, or acid.
Possible causes of tooth sensitivity include:
- Tooth decay (cavities)
- Fractured teeth
- Worn fillings
- Gum disease
- Worn tooth enamel
- Exposed tooth root
Treating Tooth Hypersensitivity
- Desensitizing Toothpaste – these specialty toothpastes contain compounds that block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve.
- Fluoride Gel – an in-office treatment which strengthens enamel and reduces transmission of sensation to the tooth nerve.
- Crowns, Inlays or Bonding – in-office techniques which can be used to correct decay or flaws that result in hypersensitivity
- Surgical Gum Graft – if gum recession has exposed the root of the tooth, this procedure can protect the root and reduce sensitivity
- Root Canal – In persistent cases which do not respond to other treatments, your dentist may recommend this procedure to eliminate the problem